Bird

YELLOW-BILLED CUCKOO

The yellow-billed cuckoo (Coccyzus americanus) is an uncommon but fairly widespread breeder in BCR 14. It prefers low, dense, shrubby deciduous vegetation. This bird is declining throughout its range. It is listed as a Species of Greatest Conservation Need in one or more states in BCR 14.

WORM-EATING WARBLER

The worm-eating warbler (Helmitheros vermivorus) is a locally common to rare breeder in the southern part of BCR 14 only. It prefers deciduous or mixed mature forests with ravines or steep hillsides. It is very sensitive to forest fragmentation. This warbler is listed as a Species of Greatest Conservation Need in one or more states in BCR 14.

WOOD THRUSH

The wood thrush (Hylocichla mustelina) is a common but declining species in BCR14. It prefers mature, moist deciduous or mixed closed canopy forest. It is listed as a Species of Greatest Conservation Need in one or more states in BCR 14.

WHITE-EYED VIREO

The white-eyed vireo (Vireo griseus) is a locally common to common breeder in the southern part of BCR 14. It prefers extensive low shrubby vegetation, brambles and saplings with interspersed taller trees on 10 to 20 percent of the habitat area. It is listed as a Species of Greatest Conservation Need in one or more states in BCR 14.

WHIP-POOR-WILL

The whip-poor-will (Caprimulgus vociferous) is fairly common in local areas. It prefers dry open woodlands or early successional forests often adjacent to large openings or wetlands. Its population numbers are declining throughout its range. It is listed as a Species of Greatest Conservation Need in one or more states in BCR 14.

VESPER SPARROW

The vesper sparrow (Pooecetes gramineus) is an uncommon and local breeder. Its populations are declining across BCR 14. It prefers dry upland areas with short sparse herbaceous vegetation and conspicuous singing perches. It is listed as a Species of Greatest Conservation Need in one or more states in BCR 14.

VEERY

The veery (Catharus fuscescens) is a common breeder in BCR 14. It prefers moist woodlands with a thick understory of trees and shrubs. It is listed as a Species of Greatest Conservation Need in one or more states in BCR 14.

THREE-TOED WOODPECKER

The three-toed woodpecker (Picoides tridactylus) is an uncommon resident in the northern part of BCR 14. It prefers mature to overmature spruce-fir forest with a component of standing dead trees used for foraging and nesting. It is listed as a Species of Greatest Conservation Need in one or more states in BCR 14.

SPRUCE GROUSE

The spruce grouse (Falcipennis canadensis) is either rare or uncommon in BCR 14. It requires large stands of dense coniferous forest for food and shelter. It occurs more frequently in the northern part of BCR 14 and is found in high-elevation spruce-fir and lowland spruce-fir along floodplains and bogs. It is listed as a Species of Greatest Conservation Need in one or more states in BCR 14.

SORA

The sora (Porzana carolina) is a rare breeder in BCR 14. It prefers large marshes and wetlands with abundant emergent vegetation such as cattails. It is listed as a Species of Greatest Conservation Need in one or more states in BCR 14.