Species of Greatest Conservation Need

Species of Greatest Conservation Need

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WHITE-EYED VIREO

The white-eyed vireo (Vireo griseus) is a locally common to common breeder in the southern part of BCR 14. It prefers extensive low shrubby vegetation, brambles and saplings with interspersed taller trees on 10 to 20 percent of the habitat area. It is listed as a Species of Greatest Conservation Need in one or more states in BCR 14.

WOOD THRUSH

The wood thrush (Hylocichla mustelina) is a common but declining species in BCR14. It prefers mature, moist deciduous or mixed closed canopy forest. It is listed as a Species of Greatest Conservation Need in one or more states in BCR 14.

WOOD TURTLE

The wood turtle (Glyptemys insculpta) is a medium-sized turtle, recognizable by its sculpted shell and orange coloration on the neck and forelimbs. Considered a semi-aquatic and semi-terrestrial turtle, they overwinter in streams and spend most of the late spring and summer in upland habitats. Threats include development of upland habitats near streams, mortality from mowing and agricultural machinery, mortality from vehicles on roadways, and illegal casual or commercial collection. It is listed as a Species of Greatest Conservation Need in all six states in BCR 14.

WORM-EATING WARBLER

The worm-eating warbler (Helmitheros vermivorus) is a locally common to rare breeder in the southern part of BCR 14 only. It prefers deciduous or mixed mature forests with ravines or steep hillsides. It is very sensitive to forest fragmentation. This warbler is listed as a Species of Greatest Conservation Need in one or more states in BCR 14.

YELLOW-BILLED CUCKOO

The yellow-billed cuckoo (Coccyzus americanus) is an uncommon but fairly widespread breeder in BCR 14. It prefers low, dense, shrubby deciduous vegetation. This bird is declining throughout its range. It is listed as a Species of Greatest Conservation Need in one or more states in BCR 14.

YELLOW-BREASTED CHAT

The yellow-breasted chat (Icteria virens) is a rare, local and erratic breeder in the southern part only of BCR 14. It prefers dense shrubs and vines with no overtopping trees, often near water. Chat populations are declining as more open land reverts to forest. It is listed as a Species of Greatest Conservation Need in one or more states in BCR 14.