Moose (Alces alces) are most common in the northern part of BCR 14 but their populations are decreasing, with the possible exception of northern Maine, across BCR 14. It is listed as a Species of Greatest Conservation Need in one or more states in BCR 14.


Moose are adapted to the cool weather environment of the boreal forest. Depending on the season and temperature conditions, moose can be found anywhere from valley bottoms to timberline and in many different forest types. Moose are browsers, although they will graze, so young forests such as clearcuts are important habitat components. Water bodies ranging from beaver ponds to lakes are used in summer to escape insects and to cool off. Lily pad roots and other aquatic plants are an important summer food.


Moose use a number of forest types—spruce-fir, northern hardwoods, aspen-birch and red maple swamps are preferred. They have a relatively large home range—50 or more square miles. Many soils will produce suitable habitat.

This is a riparian species. See suggested riparian management guidelines under Non-Forest Palustrine riparian type.

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