SPRUCE GROUSE

INTRODUCTION 

The spruce grouse (Falcipennis canadensis) is either rare or uncommon in BCR 14. It requires large stands of dense coniferous forest for food and shelter. It occurs more frequently in the northern part of BCR 14 and is found in high-elevation spruce-fir and lowland spruce-fir along floodplains and bogs. It is listed as a Species of Greatest Conservation Need in one or more states in BCR 14.

HABITAT NEEDS 

This is bird relies exclusively on dense stands of coniferous forest with small openings and a dense softwood understory.

The territory size ranges from 3 to 20 acres.

HABITAT MANAGEMENT PRACTICES 

Establish or maintain large all-age blocks of spruce-fir around lowland bogs or in riparian area and in high-elevation situations (up to 4,500 feet in BCR 14).

When assessing properties for habitat potential, look for soils such as Raynham, Ridgebury, Stissing or Walpole at low elevations and Bemis, Cabot, Lyman, Lyme Monarda, Moosilauke, Pillsbury or Ricker in the high elevations. There are other soils that also fit in these categories in northern BCR 14.

Wildlife type: 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION